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The Politics of Women's Health

Emerging Biotechnologies: Cloning

Jean Kilbourne, creator of "Killing Us Softly," author of Can't Buy My Love

Naomi Klein, journalist, author of "No Logo: Taking Aim at the Brand Bullies"

Sarah Kovner, New York

Judith Levine, journalist and author, Vermont

Abby Lippman, Ph.D, Professor, McGill University, Montreal, Canada (for identification purposes only), Co-Chair, Board of Directors, Canadian Women's Health Network

Yeou-Cheng Ma, MD, Musician and Developmental Pediatrician, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, (for identification purposes only)

Luz Alvarez Martinez, National Latina Health Organization

Stuart Newman, PhD, Professor of Cell Biology and Anatomy, New York Medical College (for identification purposes only)

Maureen Paul, MD, MPH, Planned Parenthood League of MA, Associate Professor, Dept. of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Massachusetts Medical School (for identification purposes only)

Cynthia Pearson, Executive Director, National Women's Health Network

Rosalind Petchesky, Distinguished Professor of Political Science, Hunter College and the Graduate Center, City University of New York; Chair, Board of Trustees, Reproductive Health Matters (for identification purposes only)

Cheri Pies, Associate Dean for Student Affairs, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley (for identification purposes only)

Barbara Pillsbury, PhD., International Health & Development Associates

Joan Rachlin, JD, MPH, Executive Director, Public Responsibility in Medicine and Research (for identification purposes only)

Kathryn Strother Ratcliff, Sociology Professor, University of Connecticut (for identification purposes only)

Nancy Reame, MSN, PhD, FAAN, The Rhetaugh Graves Dumas Professor of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (for identification purposes only)

Susan M. Reverby, Professor of Women's Studies, Wellesley College (for identification purposes only)

Caryl Rivers, Professor of Journalism, Boston University (for identification purposes only)

Alejandra Rotania, SER MULHER, Centro de Estudos e Ação da Mulher

Alice Rothchild, MD, FACOG, Harvard Vanguard Medical Assoc., Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (for identification purposes only)

Sheryl Burt Ruzek, PhD., MPH, Director, Center for Public Health, Acting Dean of the Graduate School, Temple University (for identification purposes only)

Marsha Saxton, World Institute on Disability, Oakland, California and University of California, Berkeley (for identification purposes only)

Margie Schaps, Chair, Illinois Women's Health Coalition

Juliet Schor, Professor of Sociology, Boston College (for identification purposes only)

Barbara Seaman, Co-founder, National Women's Health Network

Ellen R. Shaffer, PhD, MPH

Lillian Shirley, RN, MPH, MPA Director, Multnomah County Health Department, Portland, Oregon

Evelyne Shuster, PhD, Adjunct Associate Professor of Philosophy, Department of Psychiatry,

University of Pennsylvania, and Human Rights and Medical Ethics Program, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia (for identification purposes only)

Dan Simon, Publisher, Seven Stories Press

Gloria Sly, Interim Director, Cultural Resource Center, Cherokee Nation (for identification purposes only)

Nancy E. Stoller, PhD., Professor of Community Studies and Sociology, University of California, Santa Cruz (for identification purposes only)

Maureen Sullivan, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Northern Illinois University (for identification purposes only)

April J. Taylor, MPH, Program Manager, Community Benefits, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (for identification purposes only)

Martin Teitel, PhD, President, Council for Responsible Genetics

Nancy M. Theriot, Professor and Chair, Women's Studies, University of Louisville (for identification purposes only)

Leonore Tiefer, PhD, Associate Professor of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine (for identification purposes only)

Brian Tokar, Institute for Social Ecology, VT

Leslie R. Wolfe, President, Center for Women Policy Studies

Susan Yanow, Director, for the Abortion Access Project

Quentin D. Young, MD, Clinical Professor of Preventive Medicine, University of Illinois Medical School, Chicago (for identification purposes only)

Signatories from other countries:

Barbara Anello, Disabled Women's Network (DAWN), Ontario, Canada

Codou Bop, Reproductive Health Consultant, Senegal

Madeline Boscoe, advocacy coordinator, Women's Health Clinic, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Vivian Brache and Dr. Francisco Alvarez, Profamilia, Dominican Republic (for identification purposes only)

Dr. Svetlana Broz, cardiologist, Author of Good People in an Evil Time, President of the Board of the First Children's Embassy in the World, Medjasi, Director of Garden of the Righteous Worldwide, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Mirta Rodríguez Calderón, Cuban journalist currently working in the Dominican Republic in cooperation with Mujer y Salud

Fernanda Carneiro, Member of Consultant in Research Ethics for Oswaldo Cruz Fundation (FIOCRUZ), Brazil

Chantal Cholette, La coopérative Convergence, Ottawa, Canada

Amparo Claro, General Coordinator, Latin American and Caribbean Women's Health Network, Chile

Phyllis Creighton, research associate, Faculty of Divinity, Trinity College, Toronto (for identification purposes only)

Margrit Eichler, PhD, FRSC, Director, Institute for Women's Studies and Gender Studies, University of Toronto and Professor, Sociology and Equity Studies in Education, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education at the University of Toronto (for identification purposes only)

Donna Gardiner, Nga Wahine Tiaki o Te Ao and Nga Manu Nganahu, Aoteoroa (New Zealand)

Dorothy Goldin Rosenberg, PhD, MES, Women's Health and the Environment Network (WHEN) Education Coordinator, Toronto, Canada (for identification purposes only)

Carmen Julia Gómez, Dominican Republic

Karen R. Grant, PhD, Department of Sociology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada (for identification purposes only)

Uwe Kitzinger, CBE, Visiting Scholar, Harvard University (for identification purposes only)

Fiona Miller, Assistant Professor, Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University (for identification purposes only)

Shree Mulay, Professor, Department of Medicin e, McGill University, Montreal, Canada (for identification purposes only)

Rina Nissim, Espace Femmes International, Switzerland

Denise Paiewonsky, Director, Center for Gender Studies, Instituto Tecnologico de Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

Sundari Ravindran, “SRUTI”, Ananta Co-op Housing Society, Kerala, India

Dr. Constanza I. Sánchez C, Dr. Prudencia Cerón Mireles, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Cuernavaca, México (for identification purposes only)

Gita Sen, Sir Ratan Tata Chair Professor, Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore, India

Karen Seabrooke, Inter Pares, Ottawa, Canada

Claire Slatter, General Coordinator, Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era (DAWN), secretariat now located in Fiji

Maria Isabel Ibarrola Uriarte, Coordinadora General, CIDHAL, Cuernavaca, Mexico

Hine Waitere-Ang, Lecturer, Massey University, College of Education: Te Kupenga o Te Matauranga Maori and Multicultural Education, New Zealand (for identification purposes only)

Women's Health Interaction, Ottawa, Canada

MANIFESTO CONTRA A CLONAGEM HUMANA

Sobre a Clonagem Humana

Junho de 2001

Boston Women’s Health Book Collective/ Our Bodies Ourselves (statement)

O Congresso Norte-americano está em vias de analisar uma legislação sobre clonagem humana. O abaixo assinado convoca o congresso a banir de forma potente e efetiva a clonagem humana com vistas à criação de seres humanos. Permitir a criação de clones humanos abriria a porta para o tratamento de humanos como objeto e como mercadoria fabricada, passível de substituição. Isso violaria valores ampla e profundamente arraigados relativos à individualidade e dignidade humanas, pavimentando, assim, um caminho sem precedentes de novas formas de eugenia. Não é possível vislumbrar objetivos justificáveis na clonagem.

Defensores da saúde das mulheres e dos direitos reprodutivos têm razões particulares para opor-se à clonagem humana. Não há como a clonagem humana ser desenvolvida sem uma experimentação em massa, em bases não éticas, envolvendo mulheres e crianças. Por sua vez, os defensores da clonagem estão buscando adequar a linguagem dos direitos reprodutivos e da liberdade de escolha de modo a que ela justifique sua causa. Esse travestismo precisa ser desafiado. Existe uma enorme diferença entre interromper uma gestação indesejada e produzir uma duplicação de um ser humano. A maior parte das pessoas entende isso com facilidade e pode conciliar a defesa do direito ao aborto com a oposição à clonagem humana.

Clonagem para criação de embriões humanos

Nós também propomos uma moratória de cinco anos para o uso da clonagem com vistas à criação de embriões humanos para pesquisa. Ao mesmo tempo, defendemos a pesquisa que ajudará a determinar se as células-tronco (stem cells) têm efeitos terapêuticos. Células-tronco de adultos, células-tronco do cordão umbilical, células-tronco de embriões que não sejam provenientes de embriões criados exclusivamente para pesquisa podem ser usadas para essa finalidade. A criação de embriões humanos clonados, que aumentaria a dificuldade de se proibir a produção de humanos geneticamente duplicados, é desnecessária para aquelas pesquisas. Essa moratória é uma política prudente e razoável diante de uma tecnologia de consequencias tão profundas.

Mais de trinta países em todo o mundo já proibiram a criação de clones humanos e/ ou impuseram limites à criação de embriões humanos clonados. Os que advogam a saúde das mulheres e os direitos reprodutivos convocam os Estados Unidos para fazerem o mesmo. O futuro de nossa humanidade comum está jogo.

(tradução de Marilena Corrêa)

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