Abortion and Women's Rights in 1970: A Film
By OBOS — October 12, 2020
In these scary times, with the Supreme Court poised to overturn Roe v. Wade, it’s more important than ever to understand the history of abortion and the devastating choices women face when they can’t access safe and legal abortion care.
In 1971, when abortion was illegal in all but a few states, a group of women came together to make a documentary film. The film, the first from the perspective of women who had had or sought an abortion, has been restored, and last Thursday it was screened as part of a virtual fundraiser for Planned Parenthood of Northern New England. (You can find citations for the film here.)
In introducing the film last night, Jane Pincus, one of the filmmakers and a founding member of Our Bodies Ourselves, spoke about the harrowing experiences of women who had illegal abortions and the context of the times. Her remarks are below.
We created our film in 1970, in the early days of the ‘second wave’ of the women’s movement in Boston. Many of us had been involved in the civil rights and anti-war movements. Women who had never met together began to join uniquely women’s groups, talking about our relationships, our efforts to control our reproductive lives, our work. We discovered that we shared our problems and life situations with others; that what had seemed personal and individual was more wide-ranging; that social, governmental and economic systems oppressing women had to be changed. The times swept us up. We told our stories, felt a new power and optimism. We shared the conviction that we could change the world. We stepped up our marching and demonstrating at rallies. We performed street theater, joined in community organizing efforts and began speaking out at government hearings.
In 1969, a public radio broadcast galvanized me when I heard the voices of women testifying at the State House telling about their harrowing abortion experiences. The male legislators present in the room responded heartlessly and had no clue as to all that women have to endure. It remains an unnerving fact: When abortions are illegal, too many women end up with infection or so-called ‘septic abortions’ in hospitals. They can be maimed for life, or die. This was absolutely unacceptable. In the light of this knowledge, in the political climate of the times what could we do?
In answer, six of us [Jane, Sue Jhirad, Catha Maslow, Janet MurrayMary Summers, and Karen Weinstein] met to make a film about abortion and its place in the range of our needs to decide about our reproductive lives. We wanted to make public and clear the outrages stemming from women’s lack of choice. Once word went out about our plans, audiotapes of women telling their stories appeared – almost by magic, without our asking. We four amateur filmmakers were wielding a camera for the first time, creating dialogue and scenes dramatized by Sue and Janet, two activist friends. We were lucky and thankful to be able to use MIT’s film department’s editing and access to labs. After months and months of intense discussions as to how to film and shape the footage; after trials, failures and breakthroughs, we agreed to cut the visual scenes to the soundtrack of spliced-together women’s stories. Finally, it all came together. In the midst of our busy lives, it took us a year.
I am grateful beyond words to have been part of this endeavor with Karen, Mary, Catha, Sue and Janet, and with the women and men who contributed to our efforts.
After you watch the film, please join Our Bodies Ourselves and support efforts to prepare for the overturning of Roe v Wade. The Women’s Health Protection Act is a proposed federal law that would prohibit a range of abortion restrictions, including previability bans, state mandates of unnecessary procedures and inaccurate counseling, barriers to telemedicine abortion, TRAP laws, and forcing extra in-person visits to a doctor.
In Massachusetts, activists are working tirelessly on passing a bill called the Roe Act. There are similar efforts in other states. We must do all we can to protect the lives and well-being of women and families who will be harmed severely by the almost-certain upcoming decisions of the Supreme Court.
Thank you for the opportunity to be part of our ongoing fight for control over our own lives, and to support the Women’s Health Protection Act and the Roe Act! As an expat American living in Canada, many activities in the USA are “long-distance”, although I vote in both countries (I have Canadian citizenship as well as US). I know Jane Pincus; we worked together on Our Bodies, Ourselves. I would be very happy to help in some way. Just now it will be a donation!
It’s easy to feel like we are powerless to stop the confirmation of Amy Coney Barrett, but courageous efforts like this are what will protect the health equity and freedoms that have been tirelessly fought for in the past. This was really great to watch and read!
What a great post thanks for sharing..